V ižula, peninsula in the heart of Medulin and its green oasis, is an exceptionally significant archaeological site.
On the southern and southwestern side of the peninsula stretches the site of the luxurious ancient villa, thought to have been the villa of Emperor Constantine the Great (280 - 337). The Roman complex at Vižula was built from the period of Emperor Augustus to that of Emperor Constantine the Great (1st - 4th century) and in the following century it was already inhabited by refugees fleeing from the Goths. During the rule of Byzantine Emperor Justinian (6th century) the population adapted it to their way of life by forming closely-built settlements.
On the peninsula you can see the remains of areas for everyday life, promenades, as well as thermal complex, areas with mosaic floors, remains of wall frescoes, capitals, columns, marble walls and floors, architectural decorations, bronze, glass and ceramic objects.
There is a historical story about Emperor Constantine the Great according to which he had his first-born son from the his first marriage Crispus Caesar (299-326), brilliant commander who reigned together with him, imprisoned in the villa, tried by the court in Pula and then executed. The ancient play “Crispo”, which is performed several times a year during the summer months at the site of the villa, is based upon the story of the adulterous liaison between Crispus and his stepmother Fausta.
Beside the preserved remains of the ancient villa, information boards have been set up along the promenade on the peninsula, telling the story of everyday life of the Romans in the ancient villas – information on entertainment, fishing, olive oil production, etc.
When visiting Medulin, we certainly recommend a walk on Vižula; visit the remains of the rich Roman heritage, feel a breath of past times and convince yourself of the beauty of its cultural and natural heritage!
Here you can also enjoy the brochure of the hidden world of ancient Vižula..
P lunge into the ancient world ad find out what Inspirita kind of feast Constantine the Great prepared in honor of his son Crispo and why was the stepmother so evil?
In this Medulin experience Crispo retells an ancient event and introduces spectators to the world of Roman intrigues, sinister plots, love, hate and revenge.... Find more information on www.istrainspirit.hr.
I n the close vicinity of Kamenjak lies the city of Pula with its unique examples of classical monuments, the most imposing sight being Vespasian's amphitheater from the 1st century AD. The Triumphal Arch of the Sergi, Temple of Augustus and Small Roman Theater date from the same classical period. The Arena is open for visitors daily from 8 am - 9 pm. The permanent exhibition “Wine-growing and olive-growing of Istria in the Antiquity” can be visited daily from 8 am - 8 pm.
Another sight worth seeing is the Archaeological Museum of Istria in Pula, open from 8 am - 8 pm, Saturday from 9 am - 8 pm, and Sunday from 10 am - 3 pm. The very center of Pula reveals traces of all historical periods. Part of the city that dates from the 19th and beginning of 20th centuries, the time of the Austro-Hungarian rule, consists of buildings characteristic of Austrian historicism.
The Naval Cemetery is yet another interesting historical sight dating from the period when Pula was a major naval port of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The loveliest view of the city is from the Venetian fortress Kaštel. Today it houses the Historical Museum of Istria. In the aquarium, located in the Austro-Hungarian fortress at Verudela, you can admire the rich collection of marine life of the Adriatic.
If you are interested in a guided tour of Pula, contact one of the local tourist agencies.
I n Vodnjan, a town located north of Pula, 22 kilometers from Medulin, stands St. Blaise's Church with the Collection of Sacral Art.
Among the numerous paintings, reliquaries, mass vestments and vessels from the period between the 14th and 19th centuries, the primary tourist attraction are Vodnjan's mummies (corpi santi).
It is believed that the body of St. Nicolosa, Benedictine nun who died in Venice in 1512 is the best preserved mummy in Europe. Bioenergy healers have proved that the body of Nicolosa Bursa emits a 32-meter bioenergy circle. It is also said that there have been 50 miraculous healings in the body's close proximity.
In this largest Istrian church that can hold as many as 5,000 worshippers there are also mummified bodies of St. Leon Bembo, St. Giovanni Olini, as well as body parts of St. Sebastian and St. Barbara. The collection of mummies was brought to the church in Vodnjan 180 years ago, when fleeing from the perils of war it was brought from Italy by Gaetano Gresler. How these bodies, which were not embalmed, have failed to decompose and have been preserved until today (the oldest dates from the end of the 12th century) - still remains a mystery.
T ourist agencies will take you on a full-day excursion through Istria. The program usually includes a visit to the most beautiful towns - Rovinj, Vrsar, Grožnjan and the 11-kilometer-long Lim Bay, that resembles a Scandinavian fjord.
If you want to taste top quality Istrian wines, we suggest a tour along the Wine Road of the Buje region. You will find the maps of Wine Roads of certain parts of Istria at the local info points. If you want to explore Istria alone, don't miss the hilltop towns of central and northern Istria. You will surely be fascinated by Motovun, Oprtalj, Hum as the smallest town in the world, Glagolitic Roc, Gracišce, Pican, Boljun and many others.
A perfect way to discover Istria is also by bike. Get you own copy of the Istria Bike Atlas at the nearest tourist agency and set off on the tour.
E xceptionally well preserved nature, bio-diversity, beautifully arranged landscape parks are all reasons why your hosts will surely recommend a visit to the untouched Brijuni Islands. But, this is not all. The Islands also have their interesting story from classical times up to the present. Some of the leading figures that visited Brijuni were Emperor Franz Joseph and the Queen of England, as well as numerous heads of state in more recent times. The Brijuni Islands have attracted well-known celebrities over the past years: Mario del Monaco, Naomi Campbell, Placido Domingo, and many others.
A tour of Veliki Brijun by tourist train will show you that the Romans were well aware of the meaning of pleasure. In lovely Verige Bay there are remains of a Roman villa rustica from the 1st century. After Paul Kupelwieser had turned Brijuni into a health resort at the end of the 19th century the islands began to attract the European élite as a fashionable resort. An interesting period was also between 1954 and 1979 when Josip Broz Tito received numerous statesmen and celebrities as guests at his residence on Brijuni. A permanent photo exhibition records all these moments. The same building also houses a collection of stuffed animals that were brought by statesmen from all over the world. The excursion program includes a tour of the safari park as well where you'll see fallow deer, mouflon, axis deer, along with zebras, Somalian sheep, Indian cattle, one-humped camels, lamas and elephants.
Part of the excursion program is also a visit to the Archeological Museum housed in the Venetian fortress, as well as visit to the small Gothic church of St. German from the 15th century where copies of Istrian frescoes and Glagolitic monuments are exhibited.
The Brijuni archipelago consists of 14 islands, with a surface of 7.4 km2 , altogether measuring 47 km of coastline. The coastline is mostly rocky, low and accessible.
Departure for the excursion which lasts 4 hours is from Fažana by boat. Apart from a visit to Veliki Brijun, there are also organized visits to Mali Brijun with free time for swimming
SOURCE: Turist board of Medulin www.medulinriviera.info